[Solved] spring-security-web classes are not available. You need these to use filter-chain-map

Recently I downloaded the latest Spring Tool Suite (STS) with Java 8 SE support. My intention was to give it a try to Stream API on my personal project. An error was shown on the spring security configuration XML once I imported it to the STS.

The STS displayed following configuration error:

“ spring-security-web classes are not available. You need these to use <filter- chain-map>”

I visited  the Google search page, googled the error. This was what I found.

FilterChainProxy class (org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy) of spring security artifact  imports few javax.servlet classes. The pom.xml didn’t have servlet library dependency in it.

I added following servlet dependency to it.


<dependency>
     <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
     <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
     <version>{version}</version>
 </dependency>

After maven install, the error was  gone, so I decided to initiate the app.

The console displayed following exception  long before I could see the index page:

“ServletDispatcher cannot be cast to Javax.servlet.Servlet exception”

Adding servlet-api artifact will include servlet JAR along with the container specific servlet libraries, which would load different servlet API class-loaders at run time and causes the above exception.  The servlet artifact is only needed at compilation in this case, so setting the scope to ‘provided’ will resolve the issue.

About dependency scope from Maven doc:

  • compile
    This is the default scope, used if none is specified. Compile dependencies are available in all classpaths of a project. Furthermore, those dependencies are propagated to dependent projects.
  • provided
    This is much like compile, but indicates you expect the JDK or a container to provide the dependency at runtime. For example, when building a web application for the Java Enterprise Edition, you would set the dependency on the Servlet API and related Java EE APIs to scope provided because the web container provides those classes. This scope is only available on the compilation and test classpath, and is not transitive.

 

The final dependency definition for javax.servlet with ‘provided’ scope


<dependency>
     <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
     <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
     <version>3.0.1</version>
     <scope>provided</scope>
 </dependency>

 

 

 

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Read Property Value From Properties File In Spring

The Java properties file can be used to store project configurations or settings.

constant.properties

ui.defaultIconUrl=graph.facebook.com/ek.pranav/picture

Environment – Interface representing the environment in which the current application is running.

@Configuration – Configuration classes are candidates for component scanning (typically using Spring XML’s <context:component-scan/> element) and therefore may also take advantage of @Autowired/@Inject at the field and method level (but not at the constructor level).

@PropertySource – Adds property sources to the enclosing Environment.

 

The values in the properties can be accessed by injecting Environment object to the configuration class.

ConstantPropertyInjector.java


@Configuration
@PropertySource("classpath:META-INF/constant.properties")
public class ConstantPropertyInjector {

@Autowired Environment env;

   @Bean
   public ConstantImageHolder getConstantProperty(){
     ConstantImageHolder constant = new ConstantImageHolder ();
     constant.setDefaultIcon(env.getProperty("ui.defaultIconUrl"));
     return constant;
   }

}